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Sunday, May 28, 2023

Tech bosses could face criminal cases over online harm, warns UK minister

Tech bosses could face criminal cases over online harm, warns UK minister

Nadine Dorries issues threat to likes of Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg over failure to tackle harmful algorithms
Mark Zuckerberg and other tech executives could face the threat of criminal prosecution if they do not tackle harmful algorithms, the UK culture secretary has said, under government proposals to combat online abuse.

Nadine Dorries also said internet trolls who threaten “serious harm” or post harmful misinformation could face jail sentences, in a marked stepping up of sanctions in the draft online safety bill.

Dorries reserved her strongest warning for executives at Facebook’s owner, Meta, and other tech firms. She told MPs and peers on Thursday that in addition to the bill’s proposed powers to fine companies up to 10% of their revenues if they fail to protect users, there would be criminal sanctions as well.

“But also there is the criminal liability on individuals. And I think people like Mark Zuckerberger [sic] and Nick Clegg [a Meta vice-president] and others who are wanting to take off into the metaverse, my advice would be stay in the real world because this … bill is going to be an act very, very soon and it is the algorithms which do the harm, and … you will be accountable to this act.”

Addressing the wider tech industry, Dorries said: “Remove your harmful algorithms today and you will not be subjected – named individuals – to criminal liability and prosecution.”

Dorries was speaking to a parliamentary joint committee scrutinising the draft bill, which aims to impose a duty of care on tech firms – with a particular emphasis on social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter and video platforms such as YouTube and TikTok – to protect users from harmful content.

The bill contains provisions for a deferred power to impose criminal sanctions on executives if they do not respond to information requests from the communications watchdog Ofcom accurately and in a timely manner.

Dorries said that power could be brought in within three to six months of the bill becoming law, rather than the two years initially envisaged, and indicated that the criminal sanctions would be extended to cover failing to tackle algorithms that serve up harmful content.

“[Platforms] know what they are doing wrong. They have a chance to put that absolutely right, now. Why would we give them two years … to change what they can change today,” she said.

Dorries was scathing about Facebook’s rebranding and its investment plans for the metaverse, a virtual world where people will be able to live their social and professional lives through avatars, or animated digital representations of themselves.

Referring to Meta’s recent announcement that it would hire 10,000 people in the EU to help build a metaverse, she said: “They are putting ten, twenty thousand engineers on to the metaverse. And rebranding does not work. When harm is caused we are coming after it. Put those ten or twenty thousand now on to abiding by your terms and conditions and to removing your harmful algorithms, because if you don’t this bill will be watertight. I am looking at three to six months for criminal liability.”

Meta, which also owns Instagram and WhatsApp, is under severe political and regulatory pressure on both sides of the Atlantic after revelations by the whistleblower Frances Haugen. The former Facebook employee has detailed how the company was aware that its platforms harmed users and spread misinformation.

Zuckerberg has said Haugen’s claims that the company puts profit over people’s safety are “just not true”. Meta has said it has 40,000 people working on keeping users safe and is investing multi-billion dollar sums in the effort, while acknowledging that the tech industry “needs regulation”.

Dorries also said she was minded to adopt recommendations from the Law Commission – an independent body that reviews laws in England and Wales – to introduce criminal prosecution for the offences of sending messages or posts that “convey a threat of serious harm”; posting misinformation – “false communications” – intended to cause non-trivial emotional, psychological or physical harm; and sending posts or messages intended to cause harm without reasonable excuse.

The Law Commission proposals suggested jail sentences of between two and 10 years for the offences, with the top of that range applying to threats to kill.

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